The spine is comprised of bones (called vertebrae), which stack on top of each other with a spongy material (called a “disc”) positioned in between each. As the disc degenerates, it loses tension, allowing the disc to bulge, which, in turn, allows increased movement in-between the vertebrae. This movement is called spinal instability. Spinal instability encourages arthritic overgrowth of the joints, as well as bone spurs.
Spinal instability produces significant and sudden back pain, which is caused when the vertebrae slide or rotate abnormally irritating nerves and ligaments.
Causes of spinal instability include:
For mild spinal instability, physical therapy focused on strengthening muscles in the spine, pain medication, and anti-inflammatory medicines may be an effective treatment.
When spinal instability is more severe, surgery may be necessary. BSSNY surgeons use the most advanced surgical methods to treat spinal instability specifically, precisely, and with minimal damage to surrounding tissues, reducing patient risk and increasing long-term success. Two common procedures for the condition include: