Nose and sinus tumors are abnormal growths that begin in and around the nasal cavity. Nasal tumors begin in the nasal cavity and the sinuses. These types of tumors can be either benign or cancerous tumors, although cancerous tumors are rare, with only about 2,000 being diagnosed in the United States each year.
Factors that may increase the risk of nose and sinus tumors include:
Although many nose and sinus tumors exhibit no symptoms, if the following symptoms are persistent or prolonged, a tumor may be present. These symptoms include:
If the tumor is benign, it will most often be removed endoscopically. Removing the tumor is recommended even when it is benign because many can grow to large sizes, causing obstructions and damaging surrounding structures.
If cancer is present, it will typically be treated with a combination of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. However, surgery may also be necessary, particularly if the tumor is recurrent. If a tumor has spread into the cheek, eye, brain, nerves, or other key structures in the skull, an open surgical approach may be required.